Who is Yeshua ben Yosef?
A well known Jewish prediction is that the Messiah will be from the line of King David.
"When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son."
– 2 Samuel 7:12-13
The Lineage of Messiah from King David
Yeshua's lineage to King David can be traced back through both his mother and earthly father's family tree. (See Matthew 1:1–17 and Luke 3:23–38) Yeshua will be coming again soon as Messiah ben David. Most Orthodox rabbis agree that there is little time left before Yeshua ben David comes. It is interesting that the Jewish Scriptures do not mention Messiah ben Yoseph, however, the rabbis write in the Talmud in Succah 52a that there will be a Messiah ben Joseph (Moshiach ben Yosef) which translates as 'Messiah son of Joseph'. This can be none other than Yeshua (Jesus Christ) who fulfilled over 300 Jewish Messianic Prophecies since Yeshua was son of Joseph and Mary. The Talmud is second to the Tanakh or Jewish Bible and is the 'Oral Law' or central text of Judaism written between the years 100 and 200 A.D. The Talmud is mostly comprised of rabbinic discussions relating to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history. While the Talmud is not considered to be of divine origin it is highly regarded.
Yeshua in the Talmud
"It must be granted him that says, for Messiah the Son of Joseph that shall be slain as it is written, And they shall look upon Me Whom they have pierced."
– Talmud Babylonian (Succah 52, 1)
In Succah 52,1 you'll notice an inference to two of the most well-known Jewish Messianic prophecies found in Isaiah 53 and Zechariah 12, in that the Messiah is both slain and pierced. There is no question that Yeshua was killed by being pierced or nailed to a cross since it is a matter of historical record.
"But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
6 All we like sheep have gone astray;
We have turned, every one, to his own way;
And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed and He was afflicted,
Yet He opened not His mouth;
He was led as a lamb to the slaughter,
And as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
So He opened not His mouth.
8 He was taken from prison and from judgment,
And who will declare His generation?
For He was cut off from the land of the living;
For the transgressions of My people He was stricken."
– Isaiah 53:5-9
"And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn."
– Zechariah 12:10
I am poured out like water,
And all My bones are out of joint;
My heart is like wax;
It has melted within Me.
15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd,
And My tongue clings to My jaws;
You have brought Me to the dust of death.
16 For dogs have surrounded Me;
The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me.
They pierced My hands and My feet;
17 I can count all My bones.
They look and stare at Me.
18 They divide My garments among them,
And for My clothing they cast lots.
– Psalm 22:14-18
Today's technological advances in genetics and DNA analysis can show that certain people are related to each other to the degree of which of the 12 Tribes they may be descended from. However marvelous this may be, the technology provides no substitute for a well-documented generation-by-generation family tree. Since the destruction of the 2nd Temple in 70 A.D. it is no longer possible for people of Jewish descent to trace their lineage back before the year 70 A.D., as all the records were completely destroyed.
However, two of the most important family trees were preserved prior to the destruction of the 2nd Temple and can be found in the Gospels of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke (Matisyahu and Lucas), arguably both of which were written by Jews. Coincidence? No.
The Genealogy of Jesus through Joseph
The Genealogy of Yeshua (Jesus Christ) through Yosef (Joseph)
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram. Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon. Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, and Jesse begot David the king.
David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa. Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah. Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah. Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon, and Amon begot Josiah. Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel. Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor. Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud. Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob. And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.
The Genealogy of Jesus through Mary
The Genealogy of Yeshua (Jesus Christ) through Mary and Yosef (Joseph) the Son-in-Law of Heli
Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of Matthat,the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
Yeshua ben Yosef can be none other than Yeshua, the Jewish Messiah, son of Mary, son of Joseph, Son of God.